The Different Testing Standards for Silicone Products to Western Europe and USA

The testing standards for silicone products to Western Europe and USA are different. In Western Europe, the commonly used testing standard is a German standard, LFGB (Lebensmittel-, Bedarfsgegenstände- und Futtermittelgesetzbuch). However, in USA, they use the FDA (food and drug administration) standard. Silicone products that pass either one of these tests are safe for human use. In terms of pricing, products made of LFGB standard will be more expensive than FDA standard.

The Different Testing Standards for Silicone Products to Western Europe and USA

The Different Testing Standards for Silicone Products to Western Europe and USA

Let us take a look at the different test components so as to understand the price differences.

LFGB standard silicone products

When a silicone product is tested to the LFGB standard, these are the tests that it undergoes:

1.         General Plastic

2.         Test for plastic lid and O-ring

3.         PVC

4.         Melamine

5.         PE, PP

6.         PS,ABS, SAN, Acrylic, Methary

7.         PA

8.         PC

9.         Poly(threphthalic acid diol esters), PET

10.     Acetal resins POM

11.     Silicone rubber

12.     Rubber, TPR, TPE

13.     Paper(not applicable for paper and board used in microwave oven)

14.     Baking paper

15.     PU and TPU

16.     Polymer coating for cooking purpose

17.     Wood

18.     Glass and Enamel ware

19.     Ceramic 84/500/EEC

20.     Metal, Metal alloy and electroplated(exclude aluminum)

21.     Al and Al alloy

22.     Textile material

23.     Activated carbon and Charcoal

24.     Vinylidene Chloride Copolymers with a Predominant Content of (PVDC)

25.     Product in contact with mouth lip or mouth cavity directly.

26.     Product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage)

27.     Metallic product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage)

28.     Dyed product in prolonged contact with skin (over 1 hour upon usage)

29.     Vacuum thermal bulb used in water canister or water jar

FDA standard silicone products

When a silicone product undergoes FDA testing, the following are tested:

1.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 175.300 for Organic coating, metal and electroplating (except   silver plated)

2.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 176.170 for Paper and paper cardboard

3.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 178.3800 for Wood

4.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1010 for  Acrylic

5.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1210 for Closure with sealing gaskets for food containers

6.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1350 for EVA

7.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1460 for Melamine resins

8.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1500 for Nylon

9.         U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1520 for PP

10.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1520 for PE,OP

11.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1580 for PC

12.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1630 for PET

13.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1640 for PS

14.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1655 for Polysulfone resin

15.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1680 for PU

16.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1810 for Styrene block polymer

17.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1830 for MMA、MBS

18.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.1900 for Urea-formaldehyde resin

19.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 175.300 / 177.1975 for PVC

20.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.2420 for polyester resin, cross-linked (PETG)

21.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.2450 for Polyamide-imide resin

22.     U.S. FDA CFR 21 177.2600 for Rubber (SBS,TPR,TPE,etc)

23.     U.S. FDA CPG 7117.05 for Silver plated

24.     U.S. FDA CPG 7117.06,07 for Ceramic, glass, enamel food ware

25.     U.S. FDA CFR 177.2470 /2480 for POM

26.     General Recognized As Safe (GRAS)  US FDA stainless steel cutlery

27.     US Cookware Manufacturer Association(CMA) Cookware

28.     US FDA CFSAN PAC for collection No. 04005 & FDA CPG 7117.05 for Brassware or metal ware made of copper or coated with copper

29.     U.S. FDA CFR 175.300 & CPG 7117.05 other metal product (except silver plated)

 The difference between the two standards

Although under both standards the number of tests that the product goes through is the same, the LFGB standard tests are more intensive, hence the price of a LFGB standard silicone product is higher than that of a FDA standard silicone product.

However, this does not mean that LFGB standard products are superior over FDA standards. Both standards are safe for human use and export to Western Europe/USA. Different materials can be considered when budget is involved in a project.

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