Ever receive a quotation from a factory and wonder how many pieces would fit in a container perfectly? You want to maximize the shipping space available. Lets take the example that you are buying custom plush toys from a factory. The price of US$3/piece FOB China works for you, but you need to check the freight costs to make sure they are not prohibitive.
Ask the factory for packing details and you usually get information like this : 18pieces/ctn, carton size: 63x45x58cm. Here is an example of the calculation you need to make.
- Carton size 0.63 * 0.45 * 0.58 = 0.16443 CBMs (Cubic Meters)
- Carton Size (0.16443) / 18 pcs per carton = 0.009135 CBMs per pc.
- 20 foot container (33 CBMs) / CBMs per pc (0.009135) = 3612 pcs.
- Total cost (US$3 * 3612) & assume US$4000 for Duties & freight = US$14,836
What type container do I need?
There are 4 different options for shipping by sea. You may ship LCL (Less than a Container Load), basically just packing your goods loosely in a container and then the freight forwarder will charge you per CBM. Otherwise you may choose a more economical way to export buying enough products to fit one of the 3 standard containers in use.
- LCL – Less than a container Load. Charged by CBM in shared container.
- 20-foot standard container @ 33 cbm, but real life allows us load 28-30 cbm of real cargo
- 40-foot standard container @ 67 cbm, but again reality allows 64-65 cbm maximum
- 40-foot HiCube container @ 75 cbm, reality allows 72-73 cbm maximum
Take a look at other useful articles here to fit in a container perfectly:
- Freight Industry Promos
- Changes to Incoterms for 2011
- Setting up a Promotional Products Business
- What is an ODM?
- Key Products from ODM
- Promotional Puzzles for Incoterms
- Calculating Air Freight Costs by weight or volume?
- Calculating Container Shipping Time
- Shipping Hazardous materials
- Ship tracking by BBC
- Quality Control in China