Geography & Provinces

China stretches some 5,026 kilometres (3,123 mi) across the East Asian landmass bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam in a changing configuration of broad plains, expansive deserts, and lofty mountain ranges, including vast areas of inhospitable terrain. The eastern half of the country, its seacoast fringed with offshore islands, is a region of fertile lowlands, foothills and mountains, deserts, steppes, and subtropical areas. The western half of China is a region of sunken basins, rolling plateaus, and towering massifs, including a portion of the highest tableland on earth.


A province, in the context of Chinese government, is a translation of sheng (省), which is an administrative division. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) currently controls 22 provinces. The PRC also claims, but does not control, Taiwan as a 23rd province. The Republic of China (ROC) controls Taiwan, as well as some offshore islands including Kinmen and Matsu, which form Fujian Province, Republic of China and was part of an originally unified Fujian province

Name Chinese Postal map Capital
Heilongjiang 黑龙江 Heilungkiang Harbin 哈尔滨 Northeast
Jilin 吉林 Kirin Changchun 长春 Northeast
Liaoning 辽宁 Fengtien Shenyang 沈阳 Northeast
Qinghai 青海 Tsinghai Xining 西宁 Northwest
Gansu 甘肃 Kansu Lanzhou 兰州 Northwest
Shaanxi 陕西 Shensi Xi’an 西安 Northwest
Shanxi 山西 Shansi Taiyuan 太原 North
Hebei 河北 Hopeh Shijiazhuang 石家庄 North
Sichuan 四川 Szechuan Chengdu 成都 Southwest
Hubei 湖北 Hupeh Wuhan 武汉 South Central
Henan 河南 Honan Zhengzhou 郑州 South Central
Shandong 山东 Shantung Jinan 济南 East
Anhui 安徽 Anhwei Hefei 合肥 East
Jiangsu 江苏 Kiangsu Nanjing 南京 East
Yunnan 云南 Yunnan Kunming 昆明 Southwest
Guizhou 贵州 Kweichow Guiyang 贵阳 Southwest
Hunan 湖南 Hunan Changsha 长沙 South Central
Jiangxi 江西 Kiangsi Nanchang 南昌 East
Zhejiang 浙江 Chekiang Hangzhou 杭州 East
Hainan 海南 Hainan Haikou 海口 South Central
Guangdong 广东 Kwangtung Guangzhou 广州 South Central
Fujian 福建 Fukien Fuzhou 福州 East
Taiwan 台湾 Taiwan Taipei 台北 East

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